2012 AYP - Updated April 24, 2012
1. What is AYP?
Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) refers to the federally mandated accountability system required by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA).
All public school districts, campuses and the state are evaluated annually for AYP. A Texas AYP Workbook is approved annually by the United States Department of Education (USDE) and meets the requirement to evaluate all districts and campuses for AYP. Please refer to the AYP website
for more in-depth information.
2. What is reported for AYP?
AYP reports three indicators for each district and campus in the state: Reading/English Language Arts (Reading/ELA), Mathematics, and an Other Measure. The Reading ELA and Mathematics indicators consist of the performance and participation components, taken from assessments in Reading/ELA and Mathematics for all students in Grades 3-8 and 10. The AYP performance and participation information is summed across grades 3-8 and 10 and reported for the total number of students and each student group. The district and campus performance rate is based on test results for students enrolled for the full academic year (students enrolled on the date of testing who were also enrolled on the fall enrollment snapshot date). The participation rate is based on participation in the assessment program of all students enrolled on the day of testing. AYP Reading ELA and Mathematics indicators are only evaluated for the total number of students and each student group that meets the minimum size criteria.
In addition to Reading/ELA and Mathematics, AYP evaluates one Other Measure, either Graduation Rate or Attendance Rate. The Other Measure is determined by the grades offered in the district or campus. Graduation rate is the other measure for high schools, combined elementary/secondary schools offering Grade 12, and districts offering Grade 12. Attendance Rate is used for elementary schools, middle/junior high schools, combined elementary/secondary schools not offering Grade 12, and districts not offering Grade 12. The Other Measure is evaluated for the total number of students that meet the minimum size criteria.
For more information on the evaluation of AYP, please see the AYP Guide, available on the AYP website.
3. What are the student groups that are considered for AYP?
The student groups considered for AYP are African American, Hispanic, White, Economically Disadvantaged, Special Education, and Limited English Proficient.
4. Are prekindergarten and kindergarten campuses evaluated for AYP?
Due to a requirement from the U.S. Department of Education (USDE) that took effect in 2011, prekindergarten and kindergarten (PK/K) campuses were evaluated for the first time during the 2011-2012 school year. The AYP results are based on a pairing relationship assigned by the district or selected by TEA. School districts are requested to provide campus pairing assignments for PK/K campuses for federal accountability AYP purposes only. For more information, see the 2012 AYP Guide.
5. Where can I find AYP information for a charter school?
schools receive AYP Status reports just like any other school. These reports
are located on our AYP website.
6. How are Alternative
Education schools evaluated for AYP?
All Title I and
non-Title I public school campuses (including alternative education campuses
and charter schools) are evaluated for AYP, with the following exceptions:
campuses that serve students in the grades evaluated for AYP (Grades 3-8 and
10) but have no students in attendance for the full academic year, are not
evaluated for AYP. These are identified as Short-Term Campuses. This
includes Alternative Education Programs (AEPs) with short-term placements
where students are not served for the full academic year at the AEP. Students
enrolled on the campus on the Public Education Information Management System
(PEIMS) fall enrollment snapshot date and tested on the same campus are
considered served for the full academic year and are included in the performance
measure. The snapshot date is defined as the last Friday in October.
7. Is AYP reported for Texas private schools?
No, AYP reports are produced only
for Texas public schools. For additional information, you may contact the Texas Private School Accreditation Commission at (903) 643-8770.
8. How do Texas schools compare to schools in other states?
does not report education data from other states. However, there are several
websites that provide reports comparing different states' performance. Among
these websites are the National
Center for Education Statistics that also includes the Nation's Report Card, the National Education Association that also includes Rankings
& Estimates, and the Council
of Chief State School Officers.
9a. What were the changes in the Graduation rate calculations for 2010 AYP?
The graduation rate calculations approved by the US Department of Education includes five alternatives for districts and campuses to meet the criteria:
- A statewide 4-year longitudinal Graduation Rate goal of 90.0%
- 4-year Annual Graduation Rate Target of 75%
- 4-year Graduation Rate Alternatives:
- Safe Harbor Target - a 10.0 percent decrease in difference between the prior year 4-year Graduation
Rate and the 90.0 percent statewide goal.
- Improvement Target - a 1.0 percent increase from the prior year 4-year Graduation Rate
- 5-year longitudinal Annual Graduation Rate Target of 80%
9b. Does the change in AYP Graduation Rate calculation apply to the Other Indicator and Performance Improvement/Safe Harbor?
Yes, the regulations require the consistent evaluation of graduation rate for the Other Indicator and Performance Improvement/Safe Harbor.
For Reading/English Language Arts and Mathematics, performance measures for all students and each student group must meet either the performance standard or performance improvement/safe harbor. The safe harbor requires 1) a 10 percent decrease from the prior year in percentage of students counted as not proficient in the subject (Reading/English Language Arts or Mathematics), and 2) the relevant other measure requirement for the student group.
The Graduation Rate is the Other Indicator used in AYP for high schools, combined elementary/secondary campuses offering Grade 12, and districts offering Grade 12. Attendance Rate is the Other Indicator for elementary schools, middle/junior high schools, combined elementary/secondary schools not offering Grade 12, and districts not offering Grade 12.
Districts and campuses that require the Graduation Rate as the other measure for Performance Improvement/Safe Harbor must meet or exceed the State's graduation rate goal or annual targets in order to meet AYP. The graduation rate calculations for the annual targets are described above.
9c. When will individual student groups be evaluated for AYP Graduation Rate?
Federal regulations require that 2012 AYP include the evaluation of individual student groups based on the graduation rate calculations shown above. There is no approval required by the US Department of Education in order to implement the federal requirements. Student groups are now evaluated for Graduation Rate beginning with 2012 AYP.
9d. Was there a change in 2010 in minimum size requirements for graduation rate as the other indicator?
Yes. In order to provide a consistent minimum size criteria for the Other Indicator in preparation for the 2012 AYP calculations, the minimum size criteria for Graduation Rate as the Other Measure for Performance Improvement/Safe Harbor has changed. Minimum Size Criteria for Graduation Rate for 2010 AYP is based only on the most current year, the Class of 2009 Total in Class (denominator). The prior year minimum size is no longer required. The minimum size criteria for the most current 4-year graduation rate must be met to determine a) meeting the goal or target on the 4-year rate, b) safe harbor target on the 4-year rate, c) improvement on the 4-year rate and d) meeting the target on the 5-year rate.
9e. Has there been a change in the LEP Student Group graduation rate definition?
Proposed changes to the LEP student group graduation rate definition were approved on July 12, 2010, by the USDE. The AYP LEP student group for graduation rate definition includes the current LEP students plus students formerly identified as LEP at any time while enrolled in grades 9-12 in Texas public schools. The USDE approved change to the LEP student group definition is shown in the July 23, 2010, To the Administrator Addressed letter.
9f. How does one calculate the safe harbor target for the 4-year graduation rate?
Guidance from the US Department of Education offered states the option to establish targets that vary for different schools and districts within a State. The Graduation Rate Alternative Safe Harbor Target requires more improvement for schools with the lowest graduation rates that are the farthest from the State's goal.
Districts and campuses may meet the Graduation Rate Safe Harbor Target if there is a 10.0 percent decrease in difference between the prior year 4-year Graduation Rate and the 90.0 percent statewide goal. For this example calculation, assume the following for our Sample School:
- Class of 2010 4-year graduation rate = 72.0%
- Class of 2011 4-year graduation rate = 74.0%
Safe Harbor Target Improvement Required:
90% - 72% graduation rate for the Class of 2010 = 18 percentage points.
18% x 10% decrease (or divided by 10) = 1.8% improvement required.
For the Sample School, 74.0% graduation rate for 2011 minus 72.0% graduation rate for 2010 = 2.0% increase, which does meet or exceed the 1.8% increase required.
For more information on this type of calculation that establishes varying targets for different schools and districts within a State, see page 16 of the US Department of Education NCLB High School Graduation Rate, Non-Regulatory Guidance, December 22, 2008 (Accessible at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/guid/hsgrguidance.pdf).
9g. Were there any changes in minimum size requirements for attendance rate as the other indicator for 2010 AYP calculations?
Yes. In order to provide a consistent minimum size criteria for the Other Indicator for all campuses, the minimum size criteria for Attendance Rate as the Other Measure for Performance Improvement/Safe Harbor has changed. Minimum Size Criteria for Attendance Rate for 2010 AYP is based only on the most current year, the 2008-09 Attendance Rate Days in Membership (denominator). The prior year minimum size is no longer required. The minimum size criteria for the most current attendance rate must be met to determine a) meeting the target, or b) improvement.
--- *Please see the NCLB Division website
for more in-depth information.
1. If a Title I, Part A district or campus Misses AYP for Reading (Performance) one year and then misses AYP for Mathematics (Participation) the next year, will it be subject to Stage 1 of Title I SIP Requirements?
No, the district
or campus that receives Title I, Part A funds must miss the same indicator for
two consecutive years. Mathematics and Reading are different indicators, so
in this case, they would not be subject to Stage 1 Title I AYP Requirements.
2. I have a Title I, Part A campus that Missed AYP because of the Special Education group in Reading Performance. If next year this same campus Meets AYP with the Special Education group in Reading Performance but Misses AYP because of the Economically Disadvantaged student group in Reading Participation, will the district or campus be subject to Stage 1 of Title I SIP Requirements?
Yes, because in the second year, they receive the status of Missed AYP because of any student group in Reading Performance or Reading Participation, therefore they would be subject to Stage 1 Requirements for Reading.
3. Is it possible to be a Title I, Part A campus and be in Stage 1 of Title I SIP Requirements for more than one reason?
if the campus Misses AYP for Reading and for Mathematics for two consecutive
years, then they could be subject to Title I SIP Requirements for both Mathematics
and Reading. Refer to the latest AYP Guide
for clarification. For questions regarding the identification of the Title I SIP Requirement measures, contact Performance Reporting
at (512) 463-9704. For information about the responsibilities of districts and
campuses under Title I SIP Requirements, contact the Division of NCLB Program Coordination (512) 463-9374.